Caliphate’s modus operandi in foreign affairs

Caliphate’s modus operandi in foreign affairs

The emergence of the Islamic State (IS) can mainly be traced back to two intertwined situations: the political turmoil which followed the demise of Saddam Hussein (2003) and the regional instability caused by the Syrian Civil War (2011). This complex scenario was essentially the “perfect storm” which allowed for IS to emerge and establish a de